Lower Back Pain

Lower back, or lumbar spine, pain is very common with 70% of the general population experiencing back pain at some stage in their lives.

There are many causes of back pain, most common to present to physiotherapy is an injury to the soft tissue, namely muscles, ligaments, fascia, the facet joints of the vertebra or the disc itself. The nerve roots at each level can be compressed by extruded disc material causing referred pain into the leg and in serious cases muscle weakness and sensory loss.

At Bray Physiotherapy, we take a thorough history to determine the exact location of the pain, it’s aggravating and easing factors and mechanism of onset. A physical examination includes assessment of movement, detection of spasm, stiffness, pain and tenderness in the muscles and joints of the comparable area. A neurological examination is performed if nerve root irritation is described.