Product Review: d3 Rigid Tape

Recently I was introduced to d3 tape products, now since college to the present day, I have used an unnatural amount of tape, from zinc oxide, EAB, kinesiology, and underwrap, as well as insulation tape but that was more for athletes to use themselves. The tape I first tried out was zinc oxide which I go through the most out of any type of tape, be it ankles, knees or shoulders zinc oxide is simply a staple when it comes to taping athletes.

Tape is definitely one of those things that as a therapist that I have an unseemingly amount of it at hand at all times. For me I always have certain criteria that I want tape to cover. It must be easy to tear. Next is that the tape will actually stick once it’s applied. Nothing is more frustrating than having to wrap nearly twice the amount of tape on someone simply because it won’t stick or because it isn’t taut enough and 10 minutes into the game it’s like a second sock slipping down their leg.

As much as I want tape to tear easy I also want it to be strong and rigid when applied, so when I first tore some tape off I was surprised as it felt very light and loose in comparison to other brands. But when applied to the skin or to underwrap it actually was quite strong, easy to tear and easy to use continuously. Once I gave it another look I noticed that it felt lighter and less rigid once torn as it was latex-free which also means it is a lot easier to dispose of. As tape goes a far more environmentally conscious choice which in this day and age is something that often comes up in the choices therapists make especially given the number of consumable products we often go through.

Another thing I appreciated was the fact that on their own website they have video descriptions of the products as well as quick video tutorials for ways to use the tapes and not overly labored videos promising the impossible but ways to best apply the tapes and at what angles and for what reason which often gets lost in translation in many taping tutorials which are all about speed and looking clean but not always why they should use that certain way of taping . As such my initial impressions of d3 and in particular the zinc oxide tape is really good, probably one of the best quality-wise I’ve used and the effort put in from their end for product description and use impresses again on a professional level. Those small details always make me inclined to lean towards one brand or another. Price-wise they are average and not more expensive than what I have seen before and they also appear to provide everything you could need to buy. I typically buy from wholesalers themselves so the price being much the same is always a plus but there is an option to buy wholesale from them also.

If I was to give the product a score for my initial use and experience I would give it 4.5/5. Strength, sticky but not so sticky that its difficult to peal, reasonably priced and latex-free with great quality service from their end. Another aspect is the wide range of colour and patterns available, obviously not affecting the quality but more something that both athletes, patients, and therapists can appretiate themselves or even for younger clients to put them more at ease. The only downside is the packaging. As I say that a latex-free tape is a nice option from an environmental point of view, there is an excessive amount of plastic packaging. As nice as it is coming in individual plastic containers, it is somewhat unnecessary but I have not bought wholesale and this may be only something that may occur when small numbers are bought which is a rare enough occurrence for these as well as the fact that the packaging is all rigid hard plastic and so can be recycled. As a whole one of the nicest tapes I’ve used and I intend to try out more of their products as soon as possible.

I am currently stocking a small amount of d3 tape in the clinic for use on patients and if anyone wishes to purchase single rolls please feel free to contact me here.

*all images are taken from d3 tape website/Instagram.

Goal setting for health entrepreneurs

Setting goals for your business is one of those things we all hear lots about when we’re setting out as entrepreneurs. Writing a business plan, knowing what you’ll be doing in 1 year, 5 years – maybe even 10 years time. That’s the right way to do things, isn’t it? Thinking big! Aiming for the stars!

But when we’re up to our eye-balls in getting paperwork for tax, attracting our first clients, watching our finances, learning how to navigate social media and everything else the shouty world of the internet tells us we need to have to run a successful business, who has time to set goals?

The thing is, setting goals for our business is essential to keep moving forward, boost our confidence and guarantee growth.

Without goals we’re all just paddling along doing the same old things, wondering why it’s (often) not working.

Here are my top 3 tips when it comes to setting goals as a health entrepreneur:

Start small when you’re at the beginning

I recently wrote a blog post about how when I started my business I tried to follow the age-old advice of planning my whole year and setting income targets for myself every month.

Needless to say, not having a clue what I was going into, I completely failed to meet my self-imposed targets by month two and ended up feeling totally deflated. Not exactly like a successful entrepreneur.

No matter what anyone else tells you when you are in the early days of your business, if everything seems new and constantly changing, try setting yourself 30 day goals, instead of 365 day ones.

This means that you can constantly evolve and move with what’s happening, and take things at your own pace. Rather than expecting yourself and your business to know what a whole year is going to look like on Day 1.

For example in Month 1 I set myself four goals:

  • Get 50 sign ups in my new Facebook group (all health and wellness entrepreneurs welcome!)
  • Finish two resource videos to help my audience
  • Secure one more speaking engagement to spread brand awareness
  • Book three clients

These were small, manageable goals and each day I could check back in to see what I was focusing on and whether I was taking action to move towards achieving these goals.

Which leads us neatly on to….

Break your goals down into easy to do tasks

Let’s take one of my goals as an example.

Writing down “book three clients” on my to-do list wasn’t going to make me very productive. My brain would totally see an enormous and overwhelming task like that on my list and immediately send me to browse around on Instagram and faff around reorganise folders on my computer instead of taking action.


Yup – a big task like “book 3 clients” would bring out my Instant Gratification Monkey. If you haven’t heard of the Instant Gratification Monkey you need to get on over to this blog post from Tim Urban at Wait But Why.

In order to take small actions that were going to add up to achieving my goal, I needed to break down the big task into smaller ones. Then I could look at my list and pick something small and manageable each day, which I knew was going to move me towards my overall aim.

Taking “book three clients” and breaking it down could look like this:

  • Write to 5 people I know to ask for a referral
  • Design some promotional graphics to put on my Instagram Stories
  • Promote my coaching services on my Facebook page
  • Send an email to my mailing list about my coaching services
  • Direct Message 3 people on Instagram to offer them a coaching package

Don’t let the Instant Gratification Monkey distract you from the task in hand. Break things down into little do-able tasks that you can happily tick off with that immense feeling of satisfaction. That’s what achieving goals is really about.

Make time to review your goals

Setting goals and taking action really doesn’t amount to much if you don’t schedule in some time to step back and assess how it went.

At the end of each month (or whatever period you’re working to) it’s essential to make time to reflect on whether you achieved your goals and really look at the actions you took. Doing this will help you make a decision about how to move forward into the next month or goal setting period.

For example with my goal of booking three clients – if I hit the target, then I can take stock of the actions I took and replicate most, if not all of them, the next month to try and repeat the same success.

I should also take a bit of time to think about how the month went with this goal. Perhaps the goal was too easy? How did it feel? Shall I aim for the same next month, or push myself to go for 5?

If I didn’t book the target number of clients – why not? What actions worked and secured clients? Which ones felt like a waste of time? What were the tasks I didn’t do that would probably have got me better results? How can I overcome my fears or break down tasks further to take more action?

If we don’t do this sort of assessment, we run the risk of just repeating over and over the same sort of activities that aren’t getting us anywhere. Whilst reflecting and assessing might feel like a distraction for the ‘real work’, it’s actually essential to setting more goals and writing better to-do lists each day. 

It’s also really important to review because if we achieve our goals then we can and should celebrate!

Celebrating and rewarding ourselves reinforces in our brains that there is a positive outcome from all the hard work and pushing out of our comfort zone. Without that reward, why would we keep doing it?

Find a way to reflect and celebrate your hard work. In my Facebook group for health and wellness entrepreneurs we have Celebrate The Wins Wednesday posts where we can share those results together, feel free to join us if you’d like a supportive community to celebrate with.

What do you think? Will these tips help you set goals in your business?

If you’re still struggling to get started download my Just Start Now Checklist of 10 things you can take action on immediately to get your business going.

BIO

Vicky Shilling is a coach, helping wellness industry entrepreneurs turn their business ideas into reality. Find out more about Vicky, dig into her extensive set of resources  www.vickyshilling.com

Setting goals for your business is one of those things we all hear lots about when we’re setting out as entrepreneurs. Writing a business plan, knowing what you’ll be doing in 1 year, 5 years – maybe even 10 years time. That’s the right way to do things, isn’t it? Thinking big! Aiming for the stars!

But when we’re up to our eye-balls in getting paperwork for tax, attracting our first clients, watching our finances, learning how to navigate social media and everything else the shouty world of the internet tells us we need to have to run a successful business, who has time to set goals?

The thing is, setting goals for our business is essential to keep moving forward, boost our confidence and guarantee growth.

Without goals we’re all just paddling along doing the same old things, wondering why it’s (often) not working.

Here are my top 3 tips when it comes to setting goals as a health entrepreneur:

Start small when you’re at the beginning

I recently wrote a blog post about how when I started my business I tried to follow the age-old advice of planning my whole year and setting income targets for myself every month.

Needless to say, not having a clue what I was going into, I completely failed to meet my self-imposed targets by month two and ended up feeling totally deflated. Not exactly like a successful entrepreneur.

No matter what anyone else tells you when you are in the early days of your business, if everything seems new and constantly changing, try setting yourself 30 day goals, instead of 365 day ones.

This means that you can constantly evolve and move with what’s happening, and take things at your own pace. Rather than expecting yourself and your business to know what a whole year is going to look like on Day 1.

For example in Month 1 I set myself four goals:

  • Get 50 sign ups in my new Facebook group (all health and wellness entrepreneurs welcome!)
  • Finish two resource videos to help my audience
  • Secure one more speaking engagement to spread brand awareness
  • Book three clients

These were small, manageable goals and each day I could check back in to see what I was focusing on and whether I was taking action to move towards achieving these goals.

Which leads us neatly on to….

Break your goals down into easy to do tasks

Let’s take one of my goals as an example.

Writing down “book three clients” on my to-do list wasn’t going to make me very productive. My brain would totally see an enormous and overwhelming task like that on my list and immediately send me to browse around on Instagram and faff around reorganise folders on my computer instead of taking action.


Yup – a big task like “book 3 clients” would bring out my Instant Gratification Monkey. If you haven’t heard of the Instant Gratification Monkey you need to get on over to this blog post from Tim Urban at Wait But Why.

In order to take small actions that were going to add up to achieving my goal, I needed to break down the big task into smaller ones. Then I could look at my list and pick something small and manageable each day, which I knew was going to move me towards my overall aim.

Taking “book three clients” and breaking it down could look like this:

  • Write to 5 people I know to ask for a referral
  • Design some promotional graphics to put on my Instagram Stories
  • Promote my coaching services on my Facebook page
  • Send an email to my mailing list about my coaching services
  • Direct Message 3 people on Instagram to offer them a coaching package

Don’t let the Instant Gratification Monkey distract you from the task in hand. Break things down into little do-able tasks that you can happily tick off with that immense feeling of satisfaction. That’s what achieving goals is really about.

Make time to review your goals

Setting goals and taking action really doesn’t amount to much if you don’t schedule in some time to step back and assess how it went.

At the end of each month (or whatever period you’re working to) it’s essential to make time to reflect on whether you achieved your goals and really look at the actions you took. Doing this will help you make a decision about how to move forward into the next month or goal setting period.

For example with my goal of booking three clients – if I hit the target, then I can take stock of the actions I took and replicate most, if not all of them, the next month to try and repeat the same success.

I should also take a bit of time to think about how the month went with this goal. Perhaps the goal was too easy? How did it feel? Shall I aim for the same next month, or push myself to go for 5?

If I didn’t book the target number of clients – why not? What actions worked and secured clients? Which ones felt like a waste of time? What were the tasks I didn’t do that would probably have got me better results? How can I overcome my fears or break down tasks further to take more action?

If we don’t do this sort of assessment, we run the risk of just repeating over and over the same sort of activities that aren’t getting us anywhere. Whilst reflecting and assessing might feel like a distraction for the ‘real work’, it’s actually essential to setting more goals and writing better to-do lists each day. 

It’s also really important to review because if we achieve our goals then we can and should celebrate!

Celebrating and rewarding ourselves reinforces in our brains that there is a positive outcome from all the hard work and pushing out of our comfort zone. Without that reward, why would we keep doing it?

Find a way to reflect and celebrate your hard work. In my Facebook group for health and wellness entrepreneurs we have Celebrate The Wins Wednesday posts where we can share those results together, feel free to join us if you’d like a supportive community to celebrate with.

What do you think? Will these tips help you set goals in your business?

If you’re still struggling to get started download my Just Start Now Checklist of 10 things you can take action on immediately to get your business going.

BIO

Vicky Shilling is a coach, helping wellness industry entrepreneurs turn their business ideas into reality. Find out more about Vicky, dig into her extensive set of resources  www.vickyshilling.com

Long Distance Running – Common Injuries + What To Watch Out For!

Potential Injuries – But don’t be deterred!

Joint damage isn’t uncommon.

Our joints, especially in our lower bodies absorb massive amounts of force when we move and do so more when we run. It’s the ankle and knee joints that bear the brunt of this impact and these joints especially can become damaged when they’re overloaded. Make sure you train in shoes made for long-distance running and that they give your joints extra support. Many athletic shoe stores will guide you towards finding the right shoe for your gait. Avoid over-striding when you run and make sure you add variation – take breaks from hard-surface running and add weights exercises, swimming or cross-country training to your programme; this will give your joints a bit of a break!

Stress fractures can happen but here’s how to minimise risk.

This is one injury many long-distance runners will be wary of. Stress fractures occur when our bones are under a constant degree of force: consistent use of and pressure on certain bones or joints means a weakening occurs and small fractures can form. Due to their typical size and position, stress fractures can sometimes take longer than a full break to heal leaving runners out of action for long periods. To avoid risk, do your best to introduce transitions (e.g. treadmill to concrete running) and higher-intensity exercise slowly; give your body time to adjust to more activity and different surfaces. Continually check your running form and equipment (shoes!) and make sure you’re maintaining good levels of calcium & Vitamin D.

Tendinopathy.

A fancy term meaning damage or injury to a tendon, this type of injury is known more commonly by terms like ‘tennis elbow’ or ‘runner’s knee’. Tendinopathies generally occur due to repetitive activity or can result from an existing injury. What you’ll typically feel is pain in a given area, accompanied by swelling and impaired function of the tendon(s). Again, making sure you have good running equipment, continually checking your form and keeping your exercise varied will help to reduce the likelihood of tendinopathy. If your body submits to this kind of injury, typically you’ll need to stop or limit exercise and complete a round of physiotherapy to address in weakness and rebuild strength.

Whatever you do, don’t let the potential of injury stop you from launching your long-distance running career! Make sure you consult professionals for guidance on running safely and listen to your body – more often than not it will give you signs of stress before an injury occurs.

The Benefits of Long Distance Running

This is the second in the series of the long distance running blogs I wrote with gympluscoffee. This piece focuses on the benefits of long distance running and how they come about.

Improved cardiovascular health

Your ticker will thank you for it! Long-distance running is the gold standard activity for improving your cardio health. Cardio training or aerobic activity is the repetitive contraction of muscle groups in your body, and that’s long-distance running basically by definition! Aerobic activity is the best form of training for your heart as it pushes your entire vascular (circulatory) system getting more oxygen into your bloodstream.

Greater lower body strength

Running is one of the most effective forms of strength training you can ever do. Different physical activities allow for different types of muscle fibres to be produced in the body. Running in particular, leads to the gain of lightweight and durable muscle fibres which means lean, flexible muscle mass. Lean, adaptable muscles are stronger and better able for endurance-based activity.

Increased stamina

Running, and long-distance running in particular, also helps to improve stamina. Stamina refers to our ability to perform at or close to full capacity and differs to strength or cardiovascular fitness. We increase stamina by training our back-up energy tank. That back-up tank, the ‘second wind’ that you get when you think you might be at the end of your endurance but somehow you manage to keep going; that’s stamina! The only way to train yourself to keep going is by getting your body accustomed to the demands of a specific type of activity, and then gently but consistently pushing a little harder. Long-distance running gives you this opportunity in spades.  

Running for Mental Health

In addition to all the physical health benefits you’ll get from your long-distance running programme, there’s now plenty of research pointing to all the mental health benefits that running can bring. Intense physical exercise like running long distances has been shown to improve sleeping habits as well as the quality of sleep you get. It aids in stress relief and release, and in some cases has proven to be as effective as certain therapy in addressing symptoms of depression

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Repost from gympluscoffee

How to Prepare for the Demands of Long-Distance Running

Below is the blog I made with gym plus coffee earlier in the year regarding how to prepare for long distance running events. Hopefully it will help those preparing for upcoming events now that marathon and long distance running season is well underway.

The Exchange: Long Distance Running

So many of our community members are runners – long and short distance – and we know A LOT of you have set yourself goals for 2019 that involve upping the stakes a bit and going a little further and a little longer.

We thought it apt to do our research and find out more about the training involved in long-distance running, the benefits to your body and also some of the things to be aware of from an injury perspective.

The Expert: Owen Feeney, BSc, C.A.T,

We spoke with Owen Feeney, an Athletic Rehabilitation Therapist based in Dublin, who ran us through the trials and tribulations of long distance running. Owen specialises in injury prevention, assessment, diagnosis & treatment, provides on-field emergency care and works specifically with athletes requiring rehabilitation and reconditioning. He also works providing pitch and trackside care for games and events including the Dublin Ironman, Dublin Marathon, GAA & Rugby teams.

Owen kindly gave us his top tips for safe, enjoyable long distance running and we’ve broken them down into three categories. First up: what long-distance running demands from your body and the things you can do to minimise training troubles.

Long Distance Running: Preparation + Demands;

Give yourself adequate time to prepare. Owen finds that many runners-in-training don’t allow themselves enough proper time between starting training and their first race. Consider giving yourself at least 3-4 months of consistent prep time (potentially more depending on your level of fitness and experience!) and make the most of local events like park runs to give your body a breadth of training experience.

Allow your body to adapt;

If you’re training for something like an organised marathon, your body needs time to adjust to running long distances on a hard surface. Owen recommends starting to train on softer surfaces and then gradually introducing hard surface training to your programme through road runs and treadmill exercise. This gives your body the time it needs to adapt to things like ground reaction forces and to minimise the potential for injury.

One foot in front of the other, and then some;

Preparing for a long-distance run or race involves, well, long-distance running. But that shouldn’t be where your training begins and ends. Variety is key to ensuring your body is up to the task and incorporating strength training including bodyweight exercises, free weights & machines to your programme will help with injury prevention and facilitates more rounded fitness. Adding muscle strength to your legs, hips & lower back assists with maintaining stamina and will address issues relating to ground reaction forces too.

Mobility and stretch work is essential.

Maintaining joint and muscle mobility and stretching effectively after training or races is paramount for both comfort and health reasons. There’s no doubt that the harder you train, the more soreness you’ll experience and this is part and parcel of intense activity. But it’s how you address that soreness that is vital: repetitive action (e.g. running on a hard surface) causes a large amount of force to be absorbed by your body and cause contraction of muscles and loading of bones over time. Stress builds up, puts undue pressure on your muscles & joints and will more than likely result in short or sometimes long term injury. Stretching properly, consistently and effectively after all training sessions and events will aid your body’s recovery and minimise long term injury and damage.

If you’re looking at getting more serious about long-distance running then Owen recommends you have a chat with a professional (think sports therapist or specialised personal trainer) to see what things specific to you, your body and your experience should be considered.

Repost from http://www.gympluscoffee.com

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Nutrition Basics for the Everyday Athlete with Amy Meegan

Whether you are semi-professional or a complete novice, knowing the basics of nutrition are essential for every athlete. On a very general level, good nutrition is important for three key areas:

  • Repair and recovery of muscles after exercise.
  • Building immune system and fighting infection.
  • Maintaining vital organs

A good diet will not turn an average athlete into a superstar, but a poor diet may prevent an athlete from achieving their potential. In general, athletes have higher nutritional requirements than those of the general population. This includes higher calorie, fluid and some vitamins and minerals.

 

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a key macronutrient for athletes. They are the body’s preferred source of energy and athletes should consider their carbohydrates intake pre-exercise, during exercise and post-exercise.

When we eat carbohydrates, the body breaks them down to realise glucose. Glucose is a sugar molecule which provides the body with energy. After this glucose has been utilised, the body breaks down glycogen to release more glucose. Glycogen is a storage form of glucose that is stored in the muscles and liver. Post-exercise carbohydrates are important for replenishing glycogen stores and should be nutrient-dense.

 

Endurance athletes such as long-distance runners, swimmers, and cyclists may take gels during events. Gels are quick-release energy sources in the form of liquid pouches or sweets. Current guidelines advise to start taking your gel after one hour of running. This is when your glycogen stores are likely to be going down. Gels typically contain 25-30g carbohydrates per portion and our bodies can digest a maximum of 60g carbohydrates per hour. Therefore, aim for 2 gels per hour after your first hour of running/cycling/swimming.

 

Protein

The main role of protein in the diet is for growth, maintenance, and repair of muscles and tissue. In simple terms, proteins are the building blocks of their body. Protein can be used as a source of energy for athletes. However, this rarely happens as the body’s preferred source of energy is carbohydrates.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) currently recommends that the general public consume 0.8g protein per kilogram of body weight per day (e.g. 0.8g protein X 60kg person = 48g protein per day). Athletes need slightly more protein in their diets than the rest of the population in order to repair and build muscle. However, to avoid stress and strain on the kidneys, one’s protein intake should not exceed more than 2g protein per kilogram of body weight per day.

Achieving protein requirements throughout the day is achievable through diet alone. It is not necessary to consume protein shakes and/or protein bars.

  • 1 slice turkey/chicken = 7g protein
  • 125g pot of natural yogurt = 6g protein
  • 1 small tin of tuna (100g tin) = 19g protein
  • 1 egg = 7g protein
  • 25g skimmed milk powder (5 heaped tsp) = 9g protein
  • 330ml (1/2 pint) low fat milk = 11g protein
  • 30g low-fat cheddar cheese = 10g protein
  • 60g feta cheese = 10g protein
  • 50g cashew nuts = 10g protein

Be cautious with protein powders and food supplements that claim to stimulate muscle growth. Protein powders are highly processed and are often heated to a point that denatures the protein, making it difficult for the body to recognize and use. The result is elevated levels of acidity and toxicity in the body which can lead to unwanted illnesses and diseases.

 

Fat

Fats are a source of energy for the body. However, as previously mentioned, the body will always prioritise carbohydrates as the main source of energy.

It is recommended that fat accounts for 25-30% of total energy intake. It is important to meet these dietary recommendations as fat in the diet provides essential fatty acids for normal body functions such as eye and brain development and hormone and cholesterol production.

When choosing dietary fat sources, one should always opt for unsaturated fats, as opposed to saturated fats. Good sources of unsaturated fats include avocados, nuts, seeds, olive oil and salmon.

Photo by Dan Gold on Unsplash

Hydration

Adequate hydration status is of utmost importance for any athlete. Dehydration can impair performance and impact performance. Urine colour is a simple indicator of hydration status – the goal should be pale yellow, not clear and not dark yellow/brown. Don’t wait until you are thirsty to drink, at this point the body is already dehydrated.

In many cases, water is sufficient for post-exercise rehydration. However, if you have exercised for over 60 minutes, if the weather is very hot and/or if you have sweated profusely, sports drinks may be necessary to replace electrolytes (potassium, sodium, and chloride) that have been lost through sweating. For a more natural option, rehydrate with a banana for potassium and a glass of milk or add a pinch of salt to a glass of water/cordial.

 

Vitamins and Minerals

Food is the best source of vitamins and minerals. In general, the body should be able get enough micronutrients from a healthy, balanced diet. However, athletes can be at risk of deficiencies if they are restricting energy intake and/or excluding food groups from the diet. The most common vitamins and minerals found to be of concern in athletes’ diets are calcium and vitamin D, iron, magnesium, as well as some antioxidants such as vitamin C.

 

Micronutrient

Food Sources

Calcium

Dairy products – milk, cheese, yogurt

Canned sardines and salmon with bones

Enriched plant milks

Vitamin D

Sunlight

Egg yolks

Enriched mushrooms

Fortified milks and spreads

Salmon, mackerel, and trout

Iron

Red meat

Tofu

Green leafy vegetables, e.g. spinach, kale

Fortified bread, cereal, and milk

Magnesium

Nuts

Seeds

Spinach

Chickpeas

Bran cereals

Vitamin C

Oranges

Strawberries

Tomatoes

Broccoli

Grapefruit

 

In summary, a healthy diet for athletes should include:

  • Plenty of wholemeal/wholegrain bread, pasta, and cereal, lean meat/chicken/fish, eggs, beans and lentils, nuts, dairy, unsaturated fats, fruit and vegetables.
  • Limited amounts of alcohol and saturated fat, e.g. confectionary and fried foods.
  • Variety – different food types and colour contain different vitamins and minerals.
  • Plenty of water – sports drinks only when necessary.
  • Vitamin or mineral supplements, only when clinically indicated.

 

Nutritional and dietary needs and preferences differ from person to person. For bespoke advice on foods for optimizing sporting performance, consultation with a qualified nutritionist/dietitian is recommended.

Amy Meegan, BSc (Hons) Human Nutrition, University College Dublin.

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